The Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership theory suggests that there is a fifth type of leader: one that can adapt their style based on the situation that they encounter. The situational leadership theory matches leadership style to a group member's maturity level. The leadership style, itself, manifests itself as behavior related to the task and behavior as to relationship with the group. In last week’s post I explored three theories of leadership. One theory in particular, the situational leadership theory is still used in companies and is popular with training organizations. What is Delegation in Management and How to do it Effectively? At the lowest level of maturity, these employees lack the skill sets, and are not confident enough. Can employees be judged on the basis of two parameters only? At first, the parent will guide the infant and even help him. A leader who becomes overly oriented to this approach may become so focused on constant adjustments in the short term that he loses sight of the long-term implications of a leadership approach. The model shows that leadership of employees must be adapted to the skills and job maturity of the individual employee, and that there is no single “best” style of leadership. Situational Leadership is a flexible, adaptable leadership approach that determines whether a leader is more directive or supportive based on their followers’ individualized needs. The situational approach to leadership is a theory where managers match or adapt their leadership style based on the leadership situation and style of the employees under their management. Applying the Situational Leadership Approach I work in the accounting field for the Department of Defense and in my office; where there are five employees and one supervisor. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The role of the leader is to take tasks that are given and then distribute them to appropriate team members. Simple Tips For Creating An Engaging Online Dating Profile, The Introverts Guide To Overcoming Fear At Networking Events, Online Dating: Icebreaker Questions That Get The Answers, What Is Your Travel Style Based On Your Myers-Briggs Type? Use a telling leadership style when the team needs close supervision and guidance. The pacesetting style – ‘Do as I do now’ approach, 6. The situational leadership theory is based on the premise that there is no best style of leadership, and it all depends on the situation. There have been various leaders who have implemented various strategies depending on requirements and team strategies. According to the situational leadership theory, the aforesaid 4 types of leadership styles are to be followed for employees possessing these development and maturity models, respectively. Note that these will vary across team members and again: no one-size-fits-all! Maamari, Bassem, and Joelle F. Majdalani (2017). Maturity Levels The right leadership style will depend on the person or group being led. The World as an Oyster: What Shapes the Way you Think as a Leader? Their research in management and organizational behaviours lead them to develop a ‘life cycle theory of leadership’ during the mid-1970s, a theory they later renamed situational leadership. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The coaching style – ‘Try this’ attitude. Being flexible and adapting to the situations is more important. The coercive style – ‘Do what I say’ approach, 2. How viable is this remains to be answered. We hope you enjoy this website. May work well for an organization that needs firm steering to get back-on-track, yet works less well with experts holding expertise beyond the level of the leader. Situational leaders do not relay on one specific leadership style to get them through the day. The goal is called out, yet employees are largely free to pursue it the way they see as best fit. It leaves room for ambiguity, and whether simply defining the role can be said to be exhaustive in case of responsibilities of a leader ? ConsSince the theory demands the leader to adopt different strategies at different periods of time, the leader may lose focus and time for developing important strategies for growth, expansion, and other plans vital for the development of any organization. 3. Situational leadership, in short, takes people in context seriously. Personal development more than task completion is central to the coaching leader. The situational theory of leadership suggests that no single leadership style is best. These cookies do not store any personal information. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Situational leadership is related to contingency theory therein they both view success as a result of matching leadership abilities and style with the situation. Situational leadership® is a leadership model, which has been largely influenced and molded by its early developers Ken Blanchard and Paul Hersey. In this way, situational leadership is strongly dependent on the relationship between the manager and the worker. Daniel Goleman – the author of Emotional Intelligence – incorporates the concept of emotional intelligence into the theory of situational leadership. We may even have examples of everyday life, where we have to take decisions regarding our approach in leadership style. No leadership style is to be viewed as better than the other. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The literature offers us mainly two theories of Situational Leadership. The leader applies the leadership style that is best suited to the situation. You may share your expertise, yet employees will likely make the final decisions. D1 (Low competence, high commitment) – S1 (Directing / telling) This is the perfect leadership approach to use in situations wherein the followers lack competence, which requires the leader to show them how to do something or direct them, but are committed to their jobs. The situational leadership theory is a model for leadership developed by Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard. One primary example of this is the difference between men, women, and transgender workers. Blanchard and Hersey connect four different styles of leadership with four different stages of employees’ development – here called Maturity Levels. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Someone has quite rightly said uneasy lies the head that wears the crown. They use many different leadership styles, based on the situations they encounter, to provide the best results possible each time. Explain and sell ideas and strategies to engage and motivate all involved. Goleman, Daniel (2000). Example 1For example, an infant is learning to walk. The guiding principle of situational leadership is that leaders need to be able to adjust their management style to ensure they are leading in … To the question: Which leadership style is best? For example, some employees function better under a leader who is more autocratic and directive. Participating (matching level 3). Thus, this theory cites different permutation and combinations, wherein you can adopt different strategies depending on the maturity level and competence of the employee. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. ProsThis breaks the traditional stereotype pattern of leadership, and considers the skill set and maturity level of the employee, and demands the leader to take decisions according to the situation. How to Lead, Manage and Motivate Knowledge Workers, 8 Complexity Management Strategies that will Help you Cope, Henry Mintzberg about some Half-Truths of Management. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! ◾ Situational Leadership theory has its own negatives, too. Thrilled to facilitate partnerships, research, knowledge sharing, and professional networks to ensure a positive practice impact - allowing people to live out their highest, truest, and fullest expression of themselves. Use a delegating leadership style when you have confidence that the team has both the skill and motivation to problem solve on their own. Situational leadership is a theory developed in 1969 by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard. At this level, employees are willing to do the job, but are not competent enough to implement it without guidance. Then a participating or delegating style fits better the maturity level of employees. The situational leadership theory was developed by P. Hersey and Kenneth H. Blanchard. Is it always possible for the manager to judge the parameters of the employees? 4) Situational Theory of Leadership: Adapt to the situation. 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