Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native, No County Data: ... Zoysia japonica Steud. It is characterized by having lanceolate, green leaves. Zoysia japonica, more commonly known as Japanese or Korean lawn grass, was introduced to the United States in 1895—a bit earlier than Manila grass. The two most popular zoysiagrass species are Zoysia japonica and Zoysia sinica. [5][7] It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. Zoysia japonica is the only Zoysia species with seed that’s available commercially (in the U.S., anyway). It’s actually the only zoysia grass species that can be established from seed. [2] When exposed to prolonged drought, it easily adapts by developing deeper rooting systems. Zoysia japonica is the Zoysia species most widely used as a turfgrass, mainly in Asia, North and South America, and Australia, and numerous commercial cultivars of have been Z. japonica developed in these regions. Characteristics of Zoysia Grass It may be an unusual lawn name, and in fact the name has been changed many times over the years. [3] Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. Description: Zoysia is a hardy summer grass. Washington, DC. Known as zoisia, zoysia, and in other times magical grass due to the many advantages it presents, it is a species of grass native to Southeast Asia. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. [2][3] It is native to the coastal grasslands of southeast Asia and Indonesia. It’s wear-tolerant, as well. Tolerates some light shade, but turf becomes thinner as the amount of shade increases. Landscapers use Z. japonica as a buffer around flower beds or sand pits to keep invasive species out. El toro zoysia grass – Medium-bladed leaf texture. Meyer zoysia grass is classified as a premium lawn grass and is commonly grown on both commercial and residential lawns. Goes dormant and turns brown in the winter. Performs best in full sun but will tolerate moderate shade. Zoysia japonica. Zoysia japonica. [7], Although Z. japonica is one of the only Zoysia species that can be seeded, it has a lengthy germination rate of at least a month, so vegetative planting is the primary form of cultivation. Characteristics of Zoysia Grass: A warm-season grass that grows best between 80 and 90 degrees. Zoysiagrass, (genus Zoysia), also spelled zoysia grass, genus of creeping grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising four or five perennial species. Learn about all the different key characteristics and traits about zoysiagrass. Sprigs and plugs are best planted in mid to late spring. Family Name: Poaceae (Gramineae) Synonyms: Acroceras japonica: Common Name: Japanese Lawn Grass, Korean Lawn Grass, Korean Grass, Zoysia: Explore more topics. It also has a long history of use as a grazed pasture grass in Japan for horses and, more Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. Empire lawn requires less watering and mowing. Zoysia japonica is suitable for all the warmer regions and crossover temperate regions of Australia. [4] Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus. Although seed is available, this grass is usually established through … Since Zoysia grass has been propagated for the past 100 years, several strains or varieties have evolved(1). [10][8] Z. japonica seeds require a moist environment and a temperature of at least 70 °F to germinate, and therefore sod, sprigs, and plugs are less prohibitive methods of planting. It was selected from a population of plants grown from seed by the U.S.D.A. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. USDA Plant Characteristics. The common types of Zoysia Japonica which are available around Australia are Empire Zoysia and Platinum Zoysia. Zoysia ‘Emerald’ is one of the most popular lawn grasses, as it can survive in harsh weather conditions. Zoysia Japonica: Japanese Lawngrass. [10][8] Nevertheless, sod is sold at a steep price. The grass spreads by above-ground stems called stolons and underground stems called rhizomes. It received its first import from the Chinese region of Manchuria. Zorro zoysia grass – Soft and fine-bladed leaf structure. [3][8][5] An adventitious root system grounds the grass. Tolerates heat, drought and a wide range of soils. Japanese lawngrass is the only type of zoysia that you can grow from seed, although most homeowners find that … Zoysia japonica is a light green color, Perennial growing grass whose height can go up to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It grows to around 0.5 mm in width, and is hairy near the base and exhibits short inflorescences. This type of grass is particularly advantageous for golf courses, due to its low need for water and mowing, and high tolerance to cold. Zoysia lawns may be established vegetatively by sod, sprigs or plugs. [2], Zoysia japonica makes up a large part of sika deer diets. Chase). Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. It has a relatively fine leaf which is soft to touch, excellent wear tolerance and thrives in extreme heat and humidity. It is tolerant of high traffic conditions, drought resistant and thrives in the most northernmost areas of all … Zoysia Lawns Read More » Z. japonica has a very coarse texture, compared to others of its genus. Whether you are sod shopping and wondering whether zoysiagrass is the best pick for your yard or already have a zoysia lawn and are looking to take better care of it, this blog is filled with useful zoysiagrass information. Zoysia japonica: This particular species was introduced into the United States in the late 1800’s and is commonly called Japanese or Korean lawngrass. Characteristics: Compadre Zoysia Grass: Medium to medium beautiful textured foliage: El Toro Zoysia Grass: Medium-bladed leaf texture: Emerald Zoysia Grass: Soft-textured thin-bladed leaf: Empire Zoysia Grass: a leaf blade with a medium-width: Japonica Zoysia Grass: A coarse fabric with a vertical leaf blade Meyer Zoysia Grass Emerald is a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia matrella, it has a thin bladed leaf, and one of the slowest growth rates of the Zoysia family. Zoysia Japonica is the only one of the three that can be established from seeds, but otherwise Zoysia Grass can be established from sprigs, plugs, or sod. White grubs are the most common insect problem. Zoysia Japonica - Japanese Lawn Grass Japonica is a medium textured , slow growing grass that spreads aggressively with rhizomes and stolons. Treatment should be planned for early spring or late fall. Latin: Zoysia japonica 'Meyer Z-52' Gardeners recognize lawns as a necessary evil in the landscape. It is also used for home lawns, parks, schoolyards, and athletic fields. Zoysia Grass have a relatively fine leaf up to 5mm wide and 40-50mm long which is soft to touch. Zenith, introduced to the trade in 1990, is one such Zoysia selection. [10] It was originally cultivated such climates in China, Japan, and Korea. The grass thrives in extremely hot and humid climates. Geo Zoysia is easily one of the most beautiful turfgrasses you will find in a … Geo Zoysia was bred from a cross between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. This has been widely observed on the island of Kinkasan in northeastern Japan. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from June to August. It is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. Empire Zoysia Zoysia japonica ‘SS500’ EMPIRE™ Turf grows Australia Wide and provides a lawn grass which is easy to look after. Meyer zoysia grass – Dark green color with a fine leaf texture. In Australia, it is cultivated along the northeastern coastline. Geo Zoysia. USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. Zoysia Emerald Meyer zoysiagrass is an improved strain of Zoysia japonica. [10] Although it can be planted at almost any time of year, late summer planting is discouraged. They are coarse, and have the ability to spread fast. Zoysia japonica Steud (Japanese grass) presents a great potential for Mediterrenean and transition zones with its superior turf characteristics, shade tolerance, low maintanence requirement. Sod may be laid as late as early September. Zoysia japonica is the only zoysiagrass species that can be established from seed. The genus Zoysia is one of the most salt and cold tolerant C 4 grass species among the family Poaceae. Zoysia matrella is often called Manilagrass (it was introduced to the U.S. from Manila). Zoysia is a warm season grass. Zoysia japonica, often called Korean or Japanese lawn grass, was introduced into the U.S. in 1895. The pedicles grow to about 1.75 mm, while the ascending culm internodes measure to roughly 14 mm long. [3] Experts suggest that it is mown to a height of 0.5-2.5 inches every 5–10 days. [3] Today, Z. japonica has become one of the most widely used species of turfgrass in the United States, serving as a close alternative to bermudagrass. [5][6], Zoysia japonica has smooth, stiff, vertical leaf blades that roll in the bud. While most of us would like to dig it all up and replace it with real plants -- flowers and shrubs and the like -- we recognize that without a garden staff to maintain the planting we best control our impulses. When compared to other Zoysia grass types, Z. japonica is faster growing and more cold tolerant. Greens up early in the spring. Its growing season starts from the late spring till early summer. Establish slower than most other grass types. It does well in cool temperate zones, transition zones,  and warm temperate or marine zones. Zoysia Empire (Japonica hybrid) It has a dark-green, medium-width and relatively fine leaf. In the natural habitats, the Zoysia species (except Z. japonica) have strong salt tolerance.Because they have a low canopy but moderate to weak shade tolerance, in the humid Pacific Rim zoysia grasses prefer costal habitats, where no other plant can survive. It can be planted in all soil types but prefers a well-drained soil which must be moist at all times. ... Classifications and Characteristics. Manual of the grasses of the United States< /cite > . Zoysia Japonica. This grass goes dormant after fall frost and remains tan/brown throughout winter. In addition, some cultivars grow well from seed. The following are just a few available varieties and their primary characteristics: 1. Will stay green all year in warm climates. Zoysiagrasses are native to southeastern Asia and New Zealand and are common along coastal grasslands. EMPIRE™ is good in the shade and keeps a good winter colour and […] This plant has no children Legal Status. It has a finer leaf than Zoysia japonica, but it’s also less cold-tolerant and grows slower. 200. Because this type of grass has such a slow growth rate, it is important to properly prepare the seedbed ahead of time. Zoysiagrasses are important turf plants used for school playgrounds, parks, golf courses, and sports fields. It has a light green color and coarse leaves. Zoysia Hybrid. Most common varieties include: Empire Compadre Zenith Zoyboy Palisades. [9] Although it is tolerant to freezing temperatures, it does lose its bright green color, turning brown after frost. The flowers are grouped in brown inflorescences, and sprout in spring. It is often used on golf course fairways, teeing grounds, and roughs. Mow regularly to a height of 1" to 2" tall. [10], Upkeep of Z. japonica varies based on uses, in general requiring a moderate level of nitrogen fertilizer to keep its density. [11], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zoysia_japonica&oldid=987085725, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 20:43. [2] In the United States, it is cultivated south of Connecticut, along the Atlantic Coast, and along the Gulf Coast to Texas. Image – Wikimedia / bastus917. Known in past years by names such as Manilla Grass and Temple Grass, and other names – which all seem to sound like ornamental names, rather than … Spreads by rhizomes and stolons. 1950. Most Zoysia grass types are well-adapted to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate climates in Australia. Zoysia japonica is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The leaves of this grass are coarse in texture and are a light green in color. On average, it requires 1.0-1.5 inches of irrigation a week. [4] The United States was first introduced to Z. japonica in 1895. ID - 89781. Noteworthy Characteristics. Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Symbol Key - ZOJA. Interpretation  Zoysia japonica. [3], 'El Toro' and 'Belair' are the newest cultivars of Z. japonica from the USDA. Abstract. It is also often used in golf course fairways and tees. [5] Z. japonica is nearly resistant to disease, yet is subject to insect attack from white grubs. Japonica’s have been introduced and used as a popular choice for home lawns and public areas around the world. They are excellent cover for flat sandy open areas and are widely used as lawn grasses.. Zoysia species are low sod-forming grasses and spread … Emerald Zoysia is a hybrid between Zoysia japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia. Zoysia Japonica originates and is native to the coastal grasslands of South East Asia. Geo TM Zoysia is a fine-bladed type of zoysia grass with a deep green color that brings high curb appeal to the homeowner. For more specific cultural information on the growing of zoysia, see "Establishment and Care of Zoysiagrass Lawns" (University of Missouri Extension publication G6706) which is available for inspection or purchase at the Kemper Center Information Desk. 'Meyer' zoysia forms a dense, bluegrass-like lawn which tolerates foot traffic well and excludes many common weeds. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. [10], Some accounts have it being used for horse pastures in Japan, and for Christian burial tombs in Korea. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn grasses, but it forms a very dense carpet of grass beneath your feet. Blades may technically grow to 9" long, but are typically mowed to 1-2" tall.Genus name honors Karl von Zoys (1756-1800), Austrian botanist.Specific epithet means of Japan. [8], Zoysia japonica needs a humid climate to survive. It forms a dense turf and is extremely slow to spread. Palisades zoysia grass – Dark green-colored leaf with a medium-coarse texture. No serious insect or disease problems. Noteworthy Characteristics. [3], Zoysia japonica is most commonly used as turfgrass. Its high tolerance to drought, freezing temperatures, salt, and shade make for a favorable lawn grass. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area.Advantages include durability, resistance to weeds, tolerance of drought and summer heat, ease of mowing and good green color during the growing season. Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. It is the progeny of three parent plants (all Z. japonica). Grow in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. It is the recommended zoysia cultivar for the Midwest transition area (includes St. Louis). It produces leaf all year round, flowering starts from June to August, and the seeds it ripens from June to August. They graze on the seeds produced at the top of the grass. The search for a Zoysia japonica selection with good sod and seed production was nearing its goal. An adventitious root systemgrounds the grass. Disadvantages include straw-colored appearance from mid-fall to mid-spring (goes dormant in cold weather), slow rate of spread, tendency to spread into adjacent property and inclination to produce heavy thatch. Zoysia tenuifolia is the finest textured, least winter hardy of the three zoysia species. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. Wetland Status. in 1941. Characteristically, it maintains a good winter colour and “fights back” weeds, once established. Origin and characteristics. Emerald combines the fine texture of Zoysia tenuifolia with the cold tolerance of Zoysia japonica. Will not grow in heavy shade. Zoysia japonica, commonly just called zoysia is a warm season turfgrass that spreads by stolons and rhizomes to form a dense lawn or grassy area. Zoysia japonica (commonly known as Korean lawngrass,[1] zoysiagrass or Japanese lawngrass) is a species of creeping, mat-forming, short perennial grass that grows by both rhizomes and stolons. Characteristics. It is adapted to tropical, subtropical and temperate climates with varieties such as Zenith exhibiting higher cold tolerance. Zoysia Lawns USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. Brown patch and dollar spot are infrequent disease problems. – Korean lawngrass Subordinate Taxa. Turfgrass for lawns, golf courses, sports fields, commercial landscapes, roadsides and in areas where high foot traffic occurs. Japonica zoysia grass – Vertical leaf blade with a coarse structure. Key Characteristics. Zoysia japonica Steud. Zoysia japonic… A. It's so dense, few lawn weeds penetrate established Zoysia lawns. Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Zoysia japonica is more cold tolerant than the other species, but is also the most coarse textured of the three species. 2. Fertilize moderately during the growing season (May to July). When exposed t… Japonica and Zoysia tenuifolia with the cold tolerance ” weeds, once.! 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