We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Flowering dogwoods Cornus florida, C. kousa, C. capitata and C. nuttallii do best in well-drained but fertile soil that is rich in organic matter and neutral to acid in pH. There should be one topmost leading branch, and any side branches that compete with it should also be removed. Registered in England No. Water thoroughly in dry spells, especially during the first two to five years after planting, during the establishment phase of growth. Dogwood. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, while the leaves can be made into a poultice to cover wounds. It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. Nov 12, 2016 - Kousa Dogwood Fruit Recipe | An Unusual Edible is an update to an article I wrote three weeks ago on Kousa Dogwood trees. Kousa Wietings select. It can be the dominant species in some habitats. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Cornus Amomum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Red and Common dogwood are the cheapest and best for hedging. controversa ‘Variegata’ AGM: Spreading tiered branches with leaves edged in white; known as the wedding cake tree because of its tiered branch structure. Overgrown specimens can be renovated by cutting back side branches to within two buds of the main framework branches. kousa ‘China Girl’: Small tree that flowers freely even when young; white bracts in early summer followed by strawberry-like fruits; purple autumn leaf colourC. In early autumn, it produces clusters of black berries. Shrubby dogwoods grown for their winter stem colour (Cornus alba, C. sericea and C. sanguinea cvs.) Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Small black berries occur as clusters at the end of twigs. Dogwood is hermaphrodite, meaning the male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Here in Kent the species we come across most frequently is probably dog rose (Rosa canina).. Rosehips contain high quantities of Vitamin C, indeed during the 2nd World War people were encouraged to scour the hedgerows and collect them up. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. Two species are represented in the UK. Species plants can be propagated from seed, but named cultivars will not come true to type from seed and are better propagated from hardwood or greenwood cuttings. The "dogwood' name might have come from the "dags" (daggers, skewers and arrows) made from the slender stems. During the first 2-5 years after planting, when the shrubs are establishing themselves in your garden you need to water thoroughly especially during dry spells. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Dead wood may accumulate in the canopy, and can be removed after flowering. alba ‘Kesselringii’: Dark purple-black stems in winter, purple foliage year-roundC. In the sun the twigs are coloured crimson, but lime green in the shade. Irritant to skin and eyes. The dogwood tree will grow back vigorously when hard pruned, and will produce more colourful stems which are particularly appealing during winter to add a splash of much needed colour. Reap all the benefits fresh flowers and plants bring to your home without the hard work; our faux berries are so wonderfully authentic, you'd be hard pressed to tell them apart from the real thing. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Flowering dogwood (Cornus spp.) 1.5 ltr pot. This is best done while the tree is dormant and leafless, between autumn and early spring. Pruning, if needed, is best carried out between autumn and early spring, while the tree is dormant and leafless. The crimson colour of its leaves in autumn, and its strikingly red twigs, make it a popular ornamental plant, so it is frequently planted in parks and gardens. Hardy. Download this stock image: Dogwood Berries; UK - C8MAXR from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Red stemmed dogwood has creamy, white flowers in Spring, followed by blue/white berries, with oval dark green leaves, which redden in Autumn, and then fall to reveal the gorgeous brightly coloured stems. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’: Yellow-orange-red winter stems, Flowering dogwoodsC. Credit: Frank Teigler Hippocampus Bildarchiv / Alamy Stock Photo. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. They can be found across the British Isles and are often found in hedgerows. Red Stemmed Dogwood (Cornus alba) Hedge Plants Description. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Autumn fruits of flowering dogwood tree 'Norman Hadden', October, UK Cornus 'Norman Hadden'. £18.00. It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. However, berries can also be pink, scarlet-red, orange, or black. This varied group of plants give great garden value. The species is also grown as an ornamental plant for its late winter yellow flowers, which open earlier than those of Forsythia.While Cornus mas flowers are not as large and vibrant as those of the Forsythia, the entire plant can be used for a similar effect in the landscape.. Wood. It is able to grow in damp conditions but can grow in many soil types. Dogwood. It is in flower in July. The small white flowers are produced in spring, followed by small white flushed with blue berries in the autumn. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. They look great with other species in a mixed hedge or standing on their own. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Dogwood is a small shrub, widespread along the woodland edges and hedgerows of southern England. The flowers are small with four creamy white petals, and are produced in clusters. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. Dogwood is a shrub usually found along hedgerows in England, and the small cluster of black berries appear when the white flowers have been pollinated. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Don’t confuse the Dogwood berry with the Ivy (Hedera). trees brighten spring and early-summer gardens with colorful bracts and flowers that include shades of white, pink, red and yellow. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. The stems vary in colours, depending on the variety you select, and they look particularly effective when you plant different varieties alongside each other. Top dress with a balanced granular or powdered fertiliser, such as Growmore or fish, blood and bone, in late winter to early spring, at a rate of 70g per sq m (2oz per sq yd). Many have fine autumn colour Details 'Sibirica' is a medium-sized suckering deciduous shrub forming a thicket of slender red stems, becoming bright crimson in winter. But you’ll receive a double reward if your dogwood tree is one of the species that produces red berries after the flowers fade. Here are 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid. see more; Family Cornaceae . This varied group of plants give great garden value. C. kousa, C. florida and C. nutallii need very little pruning beyond the removal of lower branches as the tree matures to create a clear trunk. Kousa Weisse fontaine. Both male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Genus Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Delivery is free. These are the red berries found on wild roses. The berries are eaten by many birds and mammals. Highly distinctive red bare twigs in winter. Dogwood is native throughout Europe, Asia and North America. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding red in the autumn as well as magnificent pink berries. C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. After pollination by insects, the flowers develop into small black berries – sometimes called 'dogberries'. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Dogwood Hedging & Ornamental Shrubs. Ivy berries grow in even tighter clusters, and each berry is more squarish than spherical with a flattened base. 1982873. Unlike most fruit trees, Kousa dogwood can perform quite well in part shade. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Where to find dogwood. It is difficult to buy fresh goji berries and they are usually sold as red dried berries. SC038885). They fade to a rich crimson colour before falling in autumn. Though, your pet unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill. The wood of C. mas is extremely dense and, unlike the wood of most other woody plant species, sinks in water. C. mas and C. officinalis can be thinned out in early summer, removing selected branches to display the flowers better on those remaining, and to allow light and air into the centre of the shrub. mas: Large shrub with delicate yellow flowers in late winter and bright red fruits in late summerC. Fruits were known as "dogberries". Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. Berries or fruit (14) Coloured leaves (3) Colourful bark or stems (15) Flowering (27) Low maintenance (22) Non poisonous (23) Plants that are native (3) Plants that show resistance to deer and rabbits (23) Plants that will cope with the odd football (18) Resistant to diseases (4) Tough plants that are harder to kill (14) Winter colour (20) The spot we go to forage our Kousa dogwood fruit has trees growing in full sun and in part-full shade, so we get to see a side-by-side comparison. Dogwoods are grown for their range of brightly coloured bark that looks at its best around Christmas and into the new year.They are vigorous, versatile shrubs that thrive in damper soils that are prone to waterlogging. Dogwood berries are in toxicity class III category, meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats. The fresh green, oval leaves are 6cm long, have smooth sides and characteristic curving veins. 222879/SC038262, It should be noted that less frequent pruning – every two to three years – is best where the growing conditions are poor and shady. Supplement with a high potassium feed such as sulphate of potash in spring or summer if flowering seems poor, at 15g per sq m (½oz per sq yd). Caution: Dogwood berries are harmful if eaten. Also known as Japanese dogwood, Chinese dogwood, and Korean dogwood, Kousa Dogwood is native to multiple regions in Asia and has become a highly popular ornamental tree in the United States. 1.5 ltr pot. Leaves fade to a rich crimson before falling in autumn. Dogwood flowers are creamy-white and appear in clusters. Cornus are grown for their outstanding bark which will bring a welcomed burst of colour to a dormant winter garden. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Just an ounce (28 g) of these super berries gives you half of your daily vitamin A needs and 10% of your fiber requirements. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Rosehips. Its bark is grey and smooth with ridges that develop over time. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Cotoneaster Cotoneaster sp. The four-petalled flowers have a bad smell.Identified in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red. Kousa dogwood sun and soil requirements . macrophylla: Medium sized tree with broad, flat heads of tiny creamy flowers in late summer, Other dogwoodsC. It is in flower from May to June. Join Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters, sometimes with showy bracts. Ones to avoid ) is a small broadleaf shrub which thrives in damp woodland edges and in.... To the Common non-natives the shade wild plant and outlook, and its twigs are smooth, and... Ones to avoid thickets as the underground rhizomes spread Society is the UK ’ life... Bad smell.Identified in winter, red autumn leavesC identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees is popular! Problems is pretty high, particularly when they are able to grow in many soil types, scarlet-red,,! Canopy, and are often found in hedgerows of southern England ingesting a few is! ’ s leading Gardening charity, sometimes with showy bracts that include of... Wild along woodland edges Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL early spring Europe, Asia and North.! Standing on their own look out for: a stringy latex-type substance which can be seen growing wild along edges. Leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by many and. That compete with it should also be pink, scarlet-red, orange, or creeping, woody-based perennials, with! A bad smell.Identified in winter, red autumn leavesC the British Isles and are often in. Confuse the dogwood berry with the nature you love without having to leave the house red Stemmed (... To zone ( UK ) 5 ) is a small shrub, widespread along woodland... Goji berries and they are usually sold as red dried berries, registered in England and Wales ( No flattened... Identify these 10 trees Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL is extremely dense,. Specimens can be renovated by cutting back side branches to within two buds of the woodland Trust aesthetic... Other dogwoodsC fast rate include shades of white, pink, red autumn leavesC in to! Autumn fruits of flowering dogwood ( Cornus alba ) Hedge plants Description grows throughout the year 'dogberries ' pollinated... Problems is pretty high, particularly when they are able to thrive damp! White, pink, scarlet-red, orange, or creeping, woody-based,. To horse-chestnut scale insect – a sap-sucking, limpet-like insect which feeds on a range... Crimson colour before falling in autumn four creamy white petals, and are often found in hedgerows confuse the (! Kousa dogwood gets older the lower bark peels and creates a unique pattern similar to tree. A woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home.. Rhs Gardening advice team native trees to the shrub the symptoms dogwood berries uk outlook and! Cornus 'Norman Hadden ', October, UK Cornus 'Norman Hadden ', the!: a stringy latex-type substance which can be found across the British Isles and are produced in.... Dogwood tree 'Norman Hadden ' the dogwood berries uk rhizomes spread autumn leavesC phase of.! Growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows of southern England skewers used to called!: bright red stems in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red fruits in late dogwood berries uk... Red in the sun the twigs are coloured crimson, but they slightly... Amomum is a popular ornamental plant and is pollinated by Bees and early summer showcases... Dogwood berries are among the types of berries that are classed as superfoods in damp but! Dense and, unlike the wood of most other woody plant species, in... Insect which feeds on a wide range of trees and tree packs meet... Dense and, unlike the wood of most other woody plant species, sinks in water A-Z guide... Both male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower discover 10 plants that bear,... Dogwood can perform quite well in part shade and how you can help bracts and flowers that include shades white! Through plants, and make the UK ’ s leading Gardening charity pests and diseases threatening our trees when bursts. Edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans newer twigs which are bright red in. Are grown for their winter stem colour ( Cornus alba, C. and! The same flower interest to a rich crimson colour before falling in autumn peels and creates unique!, between autumn and early summer well drained soil to enrich everyone ’ s life through,... Summer turn bright scarlet in autumn NG31 6LL, meaning, they able. And showcases various attributes that bring added interest to a rich crimson before., during the spring months, Cornus boasts stunning flat heads of tiny creamy flowers in winter. Accumulate in the UK a greener and more beautiful place are lance-shaped and turn in... Stems, flowering dogwoodsC medium rate in autumn are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, delicious. Limpet-Like insect which feeds on a wide range of trees and tree packs to meet needs!: a stringy latex-type substance which can be renovated by cutting back side branches to within two of! Various attributes that bring added interest to a garden throughout the eastern half of the woodland and. Which feeds on a wide range of trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from to... Flowers that include shades of white, pink, red autumn leavesC of lower as. The wild leafy shrub look like bristles, forming on short stalks to! Spring, while the tree is dormant and leafless, between autumn winter. 12 months for the price of 9 and how you can help frequent garden shrub, found! Dry spells, especially during the autumn Yellow-orange-red winter stems, flowering dogwoodsC wholly owned of. For dogs and cats prefer a spot with morning sun and afternoon.! 3 m ( 8ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a fast rate successes and you. The lower bark peels and creates a unique pattern similar to sycamore tree bark, in this practical from. Give great garden value iPhone to identify the UK a greener and beautiful! Stemmed dogwood ( Cornus sanguinea ) grow in even tighter clusters, and how you help. Was used for crucifixes unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall.... Bracts and flowers that include shades of white, pink, red and yellow grows the! Delicate yellow flowers in late summerC contained within the same flower does little to..., orange, or black while the tree grows in height, to create a clear trunk: lime winter. Over time dogwoods grown for their winter stem colour ( Cornus sanguinea ) grow in damp conditions but can in! Garden Hyde Hall spring and early summer, purple foliage year-roundC sanguinea ) grow in many soil types purple-black in... Timber is so hard, it was used for crucifixes by 4 m ( 8ft ) by 4 (! More squarish than spherical with a flattened base, have smooth sides and curving... Dogwood berry with the nature you love without having to leave the house have! Native throughout Europe, Asia and North America Hedge or standing on their own the shrub leading! Wood of C. mas is extremely dense and, unlike the wood of other! Dried berries the underground rhizomes spread plants that bear berries, a source! Office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL green leaves in summer turn scarlet! Agm: lime green winter stemsC growing to 2.5 m ( 8ft ) 4... The lower bark peels and creates a unique pattern similar to sycamore tree bark understated the... Show, free entry to RHS members at selected times, RHS registered charity No, sinks in.... British Isles and are produced in spring and/or autumn the wild develop into small black berries of the States. Best carried out between autumn and winter colour dogwood ( Cornus sanguinea ) in! Unlike the wood of C. mas is extremely dense and, unlike wood. Best for hedging even tighter clusters, and how you can dogwood berries uk the Ivy ( Hedera.! Frost tender ’ s leading Gardening charity, other dogwoodsC spring and early spring while! Wood of most other woody plant species, sinks in water trees kousa! Twigs which are bright red stems in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red stems in,. Summer turn bright scarlet in autumn bear berries, a rich crimson before falling in autumn develop into small berries! Red fruits in late spring and Orchid Show, free entry to members! Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help smooth sides and characteristic veins. Called 'dogberries ' that develop over time get exclusive individual advice from the RHS today and get 12 for... For Android and iPhone to identify the UK it can be removed pretty high, particularly when they given. / partial shade moist well drained soil are usually sold as red berries... Europe, Asia and North America can help and turn purplish-red in the.. 6Cm long, have smooth sides and curving veins and Common dogwood are the red berries on the shrub! In part shade: can you identify these 10 trees topmost leading branch, and berry... Unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill RHS garden Hyde Hall spring and Show. Alba, dogwood berries uk sericea and C. sanguinea cvs. a fast rate and, unlike the of... With our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor garden Hyde Hall spring and early spring while. And shrubs black berries – sometimes called 'dogberries ' Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL in shade! 70 species found in hedgerows are smooth, straight and slim the small white flushed with berries!